Getting old has become a major social challenge due to waning of the joint family system in the Indian families. Families are shrinking, now we have micro families. Abandoning elderly people are rampant in our society, children now see that their old parents are headache and nuisance for their comfortable lives.A large number of elderly persons, especially widowed women are not being looked after by the members of their family. They are forced to spend their twilight years all alone and are exposed to emotional neglect. They are being denied food, medical and financial support by their children and relatives. To combat this social challenge there is a need to give more attention to the care and protection for the older persons.